PASTEUR4OA/Funder Case Studies
The PASTEUR4OA project has produced a vast array of advocacy and dissemination materials aimed at supporting and assisting every aspect of establishing or updating an Open Access policy. It has among other things produced reports on policy efficiency, template documents and several case studies. In the funder case studies the PASTEUR4OA project presents two research funding organisations with a strong Open Access policy. They provide a closer look at the interesting examples of the Austrian Science Foundation (FWF) and the Health Research Board in Ireland (HRB) and their respective Open Access policies.
The Health Research Board (HRB) is the lead funding agency for health research in Ireland. In 2014 HRB funded health research for €35.4 million. It covers a wide range of topics and services, in addition to managing several national health information systems.
The Open Access policy of the HRB strives towards alignment with international best practise and the Horizon2020 policy. It requires research funded entirely, or in part, by HRB to be deposited in an Open Access repository. Authors must deposit the publisher’s version of the article or the post print version of the manuscript (last peer-reviewed version) in a local institutional repository or other suitable repositories. Open Access to the publication should be provided no later than 6 months after the date of publication for STM and 12 months for SSH research output. However, a complete set of metadata about the publication should be made available immediately. In addition, research data that support the publication should also be made available in an open repository. Research published in Open Access journals must be deposited in the same way as other publications. To monitor Open Access, the HRB has included policy compliance into the End-Of-Grant evaluation survey and reporting.
FWF, or the Austrian Science Fund, is one of the main research funders in Austria. Its annual budget is about €200 million, supports over 600 projects and funds about 4 000 researchers’ salaries. Projects funded by FWF generate 14% of the high impact scientific output produced in Austria. The FWF was the first public research funding agency in the world to develop an Open Access policy, in 2004, and mandate Open Access to scholarly publications in 2008.
In late 2014 the FWF revised its Open Access policy. It states that authors must deposit the final peer-reviewed version of the manuscript in an institutional or subject repository. There are no exceptions to this, or no waivers. Open Access to the article must be provided after maximum 12 months for all fields of research, both science, social science and humanities. One interesting aspect of the FWF Open Access policy is that it covers fees for publishing in pure Open Access (gold), as well as in hybrid journals. FWF will fund article processing charges (APCs) up to €2 500 for Open Access journals (gold), and up €1 500 for hybrid journals. Supported journals must be listed with either DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals) (https://doaj.org/), SCOPUS (https://www.scopus.com/) or Web of Science (ipscience.thomsonreuters.com/product/web-of-science/). FWF monitors compliance through final project reports and keeps meticulous track of the embargo periods of funded papers.
Several studies and surveys have been commissioned by the FWF to explore Open Access issues and funding models. The FWF has played an important role in promoting Open Access in Austria and internationally. It supports Europe PubMedCentral (https://europepmc.org/), arXive (https://arxiv.org/), OAPEN Fundation (Open Access Publishing in European Networks) (www.oapen.org/), DOAJ (https://doaj.org/) and parts of Austria’s membership in SCOAP3 (https://scoap3.org/). FWF also negotiates with publishers to lower subscription fees and APCs, in addition to working towards Open Access.
To read more about the HRB, the FWF, Open Access or some of the other useful material produced by PASTEUR4OA, please go to the project website: www.pasteur4oa.eu